List of Equations

The equations below are formatted with MathML. They are rendered in MathJax so should work across all browsers, mobile phones etc.

Copying an equation.

  • Right click on the equation
  • From the popup menu chose: Show Math As, MathML Code.
  • A new window will open. Select and copy the MathML code.

To convert to other formats such as GIF

Paste the mathml code into

Paste into Microsoft word

In most word versions a shortcut is to right-click within the word document and select "Keep Text Only (T)"

  • Insert, equation
  • Paste the MathML code
  • It should magically turn into a word equation that you can also edit
  • If you still see MathML code, click on the drop down menu in word and change it to "Keep Text Only (T)"

Alkaline Battery Reaction

Zns+2OH-ZnOH2+2e- aqMnO2s+H2O+2e-Mn2O3s+2OH-aq


$$Azimuth=cos^{-1}[\frac{sin\delta cos\varphi-cos\delta sin \varphi cos(HRA)}{cos\alpha}]$$

Base Resistivity


Battery Capacity

CapacityAh=n×F×1 hour3600 sec

Battery Energy Capacity

Energy Capacity=Ah×Battery Voltage

Blackbody Radiation

F( λ )= 2πh c 2 λ 5 ( exp( hc kλT )1 )

Characteristic Resistance


Chlorine Reduction


Copper Reduction with Standard Potential

Cu2+aq+2e-Cus     E°=0.34V

Copper Reduction with Valence Charge

                            Cu2+Valence charge     2+aq+2e-Cu0s

Cosine Formula